THE PROCRASTINATION EQUATION. How to Stop Putting Things Off and Start Getting Stuff Done. PIERS STEEL. RANDOM HOUSE CANADA. Piers Steel, Ph.D. from The Procrastination Equation. Piers Steel, Ph.D. is one of the world's leading researchers on the science of motivation and, specifically. Did you know there's an equation for Procrastination? on the science of motivation/procrastination) walks us thru the power of that equation. Download PDF.
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In this groundbreaking book, the worlds leading expert on procrastination, Dr Piers Steel, reveals the truth about why procrastinate and shows. The NOOK Book (eBook) of the The Procrastination Equation PDF eBook: How to Stop Putting Things Off and Start Getting Stuff Done by Piers. Editorial Reviews. From Booklist. According to Steel, an expert on procrastination , about
The motivation for self-handicapping is often to protect self-esteem by giving people an external reason, an out, if they fail to do well. However, self-handicapping isnt necessarily a form of procrastination, which is: To voluntarily delay an intended course of action despite expecting to be worse-off for the delay. Self-handicappers appear to be acting in their own self-interest, thinking they are protecting themselves from shame and humiliation.
Consequently, Dr. Clarry Lay, one of the first researchers into procrastination and developer of the General Procrastination Scale, concludes to intend to put off some activity to protect ones self-esteem in not procrastinatory behavior.
Self-handicapping is still an important issue and can share some commonalities with procrastination i. However, because the motivations for delaying are not the same, the two will differ regarding causes and treatments and so it is best to study them separately.
Rebelliousness According to the clinical literature, rebelliousness, hostility, and disagreeableness are thought to be major motivations for procrastination. For those with these personality traits, externally imposed schedules are more likely to be experienced as aversive, and thus avoided. Also, by delaying work and starting it on ones own schedule, autonomy is reasserted.
First, like anxiety, it explains why we might avoid tasks entirely, but not why we delay them. In fact, more autonomy might be expressed by not doing a task at all instead of just delaying it. By doing it at the last minute, procrastination may appear to express capitulation, caving in, rather than autonomy. Second, empirical evidence indicates an extremely weak relationship, virtually nil, between rebelliousness and procrastination.
Temporal Motivation Theory: Core theory of The Procrastination Equation Temporal Motivation Theory TMT represents the most recent developments in motivational research; it is an integrative theory from which most other motivational theories can be derived. It suggests that the reasons why people make any decision can be largely represented by the following equation: Motivation indicates the drive or preference for a course of action, what economists call utility.
Naturally, the higher the utility, the greater the preference. On the top of the equation, the numerator, we have two variables: Expectancy and Value.
Expectancy refers to the odds or chance of an outcome occurring while Value refers to how rewarding that outcome is. Naturally, we would like to choose pursuits that give us a good chance of having a pleasing outcome. On the bottom of the equation, the denominator, we also have two variables.
Impulsiveness refers to your sensitivity to delay. The more impulsive you are, the less you like to delay gratification.
Finally, Delay indicates how long, on average, you must wait to receive the payout, that is the expected reward.
Since delay is in the bottom of the equation, the longer the delay, the less motivated we feel about taking action. How does this theory relate to procrastination?
Essentially, we are constantly beset with making decisions among various courses of action. Should we go to the gym or watch TV? Did you just spend the last half hour making progress on a specific task, or did you wander around Facebook and Buzzfeed? Ask yourself what you were trying to work on before you procrastinated. Was it specific? Did you have all the tools you needed?
Was it going to take several hours or several days to accomplish? Can you break it down into manageable chunks?
Step 2. The problem will generally fit into one or two of the four categories. Put on headphones. Close the door. Turn off your notifications and mobile phone. If you feel like the task is meaningless Value , is it part of a whole that actually has greater value? Take five minutes and deeply picture the task being completed and you advancing toward the greater goal that you want to achieve.
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